The fact that Igbos (Ndi Igbo) is among the descendants of Israel cannot be denied as it has been proved beyond doubt with many evidences, archaeological discoveries, researches and the writings of various authors and historians.
The early Igbos practiced the leadership pattern laid down by their ancestor and progenitor, Eri. (Gen. 46:16). They practiced “Theocratic Government” like the early Israelites.
They were led by the Council of Elders, (Ndi Ntoala / Ndi Ichie), the prophets/priests of God and the judges (Ndi Nze) (Ref; Exodus 28:1-5, Deut 17:8-13, Deut 16:18-20, Dan 13:5-6, Exo 18:13-26, 1Chron 27:16-21, 1 Samuel 8:1-6, Number 11:24-30).
According to bible record the Israelites had no king at first until God granted their request and gave them Saul, son of Kish to be their first king. Saul was anointed by Prophet Samuel.
The Ancient Igbos like the Israelites of old also had no king initially.
They were led by the council of Elders (Ndi Ntoala/Ndi Ichie) and the Judges (Ndi Nze) assisted by the Priests (Ndi Ezemmuo) as the spiritual leaders.
Agulu took over the leadership of the community after the death of his father, Eri. Ndi Nze and the Priests (Ezemmuo) were sent from Aguleri to new Igbo settlements and communities to institute markets and shrines (place of worship) for the people, care for the sick and settle disputes.
Each community presented good mannered, honest and respected men, with the approval of their gods to be conferred Nze title.
The chosen persons took ‘oath of office’ (Isa ire Nze) before the community, presided over by a priest (Ezemmuo and were decorated and capped by the headman of ‘Ndi Nze’ to serve the community as judges and the traditional leaders alongside with the Council of Elders (Ndi Ntoala/Ndichie).
The visiting priest used to consecrate local priest with the new Nze title recipients used to pay customary homage (Ibu Aku) to the ordained priest (Ezemmuo) and Ndi Nze.
After the death of Agulu, Mazi Enugwu took over the leadership role. In his last day s he Mazi Enugwu dedicated the Ovo Eri”. Unfortunately Mazi Omini did not hand over the Ovo Eri’ to another person before his death.
After the death of Omini, the people of Aguleri suffered set backs in almost all their endeavors. Harvest became very poor and starvation was experienced in an alarming magnitude. Internal conflicts became frequent among them and worst of all, they could not effectively prevent invaders from plundering the little the had.
The highest administrative organ ruling Aguleri, the Council of Elders (Ndi Ntoala/Ndi Ichie) became shaky. As a result of these problems they decided to search for the causes of their calamities.
Series of consultations were made and divination revealed that the Ovo was angry for not being attended to since Omini failed to rededicate it before he died. Seven days were spent consulting diviners to determine who would inherit the Ovo and look after it henceforth. The consultations reveled that Anyiamigbo; the first son of Omini would inherit the Ovo.
The Council of Elders (Ndi Ntoala/Ndi Ichie) and the judges (Ndi Nze) took an oath of compliance and took all the traditional steps necessary, and crowned Anyiamigbo as the First king (Eze) of Aguleri in the year 1087BC, and called him Ezeora the First (The King Of All People).
After the coronation of Ezeora, the ruling council of judges (Ndi Nze) was converted to Eze-in-council (Cabinet Chiefs) of Iduu-Eri kingdom.
Since then the Ovo that was left by Eri had been handed down from one king to the other among the descendants of Anyiamigbo who are called Umuezeora (Descendants of the King).
The Ovo symbol of Authority is presently at The Ancient Obu-Gad Palace, Iduu-Eri Kingdom in the Custody of His Majesty, Eze Chukwuemeka – Eri (EZE ERI, EZEORA 34th, AKA JI OFOR IGBO)